below the knee, 3 cun below Dubai (st
35), on finger breadth lateral to the anterior crest
of the tibia. Location note; Dubai (st 35)
is located on the knee, in the hollow formed when
the knee is flexed, immediately below the patella
and lateral to the patella ligament.
perpendicular insertion 1.0 to 1.5 inch
Moxa is OK
Harmonizes the stomach
Fortifies the spleen
Tonifies Qi and nourishes blood and yin
Balances 'correct' Qi
Supports Original Qi
Calms the spirit
Activates the channel and alleviates pain
Revives yang and restores consciousness
gastric pain, vomiting, hiccup, abdominal
distention, borborygmus, diarrhea, dysentery, constipation,
mastitis, enteritis, aching of the knee joint, beriberi,
edema, cough, asthma, emaciation due to general deficiency,
indigestion, apoplexy, hemiplegia, dizziness, insomnia,
Zusanli is considered in classical
texts to be one of the 11 most vital acupuncture points,
called the 'eleven heavenly star points.' Later Taichong
(Liver 3) was added and it became the 12
Heavenly Star points. The others are; Lieque
(Lung 7), Hegu (Large Intestine 4), Quchi
(Large Intestine 11), Neiting (Stomach 44),
Tongli (Heart 5), Weizhong (Urinary
Bladder 40), Chengshan (Urinary Bladder 57),
Kunlun (Urinary Bladder 60), Huantiao
(Gallbladder 30), & Yanglingquan (Gallbladder
Zusanli is indicated for any
disorder of the stomach, especially disorders arising
out of irregular eating or drinking. Many TCM physicians
consider proper functioning of the 'middle' to be
the key to treating almost any disorder. If the body
is properly nourished it can expel any invader and
repair any damage that may be done.
As Zusanli is the point of
choice for tonifying the middle, it is considered
by many to be the single most important acupuncture
point on the body. It is said that "all diseases
can be treated" with Zusanli.
So strong is Zusanli's tonifying
effect on the body, that some texts caution its use
in some cases, in case it is the invading pathogen
that is strengthened rather than the body.
Zusanli is the He-Sea
point of the stomach channel. A He-Sea
point, according the 5 elements theory is where the
Qi plunges deeply into the body. He-Sea
points of channels are all located at the elbows and
Zusanli, by its ability to
balance and promote 'correct' Qi, is generally
considered to be a point that has a beneficial effect
on the whole body. In this it is often paired with
Taiyuan (Lung 9) which has a tonifying effect
on Qi derived from air via the Lungs to promote
overall wellness and longevity. Massaging Zusanli
is often an important exercise in Qi
Gong and martial arts practices.
The term Li is
the rough equivalent of a Chinese mile or kilometre.
The idea is that, even when totally exhausted, needling
Zusanli would allow one to walk a further
Regular application of moxa to Zusanli
is considered to be a method for gaining longevity.
The saying is 'moxa Zusanli and live to be
a hundred.' Regular needling or application of Moxa
to Zusanli is well known
to preserve and maintain good health, especially as
one advances in age.
Zusanli is the single most
important point to stimulate the generation of Qi
and blood in the stomach and spleen. Post heaven or
Jing Qi is derived from food (grain) and
water through the action of the stomach and spleen.
Jing or nutrient Qi
is important to 'top up' one's Original or Yuan
Qi, stored in the Kidney.
Zusanli is indicated for any
disorder occurring along the length of the Stomach
channel, including disorders of the breast (abscess,
swelling, etc.), any pain along the length of the
Zusanli is much valued to treat
what are known as 'the 5 taxations & 7 injuries'
of classical texts.
The 5 injuries are; 1.) excessive use
of the eyes which injures the blood, 2.) excessive
lying down which injures Qi, 3.) excessive
sitting which injures the flesh, 4.) excessive standing
which injures the bones, 5.) excessive walking which
injures the sinews.
The 7 taxations are; 1.) overeating
injuring the Spleen, 2.) great anger which injures
the Liver, 3.) heavy lifting or prolonged sitting
on damp ground which injures the Kidneys, 4.) pathogenic
cold which injures the Lung, 5.) worry and anxiety
which injures the Heart, 6.) wind, rain, cold and
summer-heat which injures the body, & 7.) excessive
fear which injures the emotions.
Finally, Zusanli, because of
its ability to clear phlegm and fire, fortify the
Spleen, promote 'correct' flow of Qi,
and because its divergent channel connects with the
Heart (which houses one's spirit), is indicated in
a number of psycho- emotional disorders involving
manic behaviour, such as mania-depression, manic singing,
raving, abusive talk, anger, fright, and outrageous